被誘惑花好幾千美元買樂透▲圖/美聯社

From CNN Headline:

Seduced into spending thousands on lottery tickets

被誘惑花好幾千塊錢買樂透

STORY HIGHLIGHTS

●Jen Bucala likes to buy lottery tickets; an estimated $10,000 in 10 years

●Psychology professor: Low entry fee is part of lottery's seduction

●Study:38 percent of poor think lottery best way for them to get hundreds of thousands

Seduce into-勸誘、勾引

通常用為seduce into+名詞(某件事 something)/動詞(做某件事doing something)

例句1:Glamorous ads seduce teenagers into tobacco addiction. 魅力廣告勸誘青少年對菸草成癮

例句2:People are seduced into buying products they don't need. 人民被勸誘買不需要的產品。

另外,這裡的"spent thousands on"講的是錢。英文裡,後面的「錢」的單位會被省略掉,通常描述的都是錢,不會是別的單位。完整的是"thousands (of dollars)",而"of dollars"被省掉了。要是描述其他單位,那就要表明(例句2)。

例句1:John spent thousands on his car. (John花了好幾千塊在他車上)

例句2:John spent thousands of hours practicing the guitar. (John花了好幾千個小時練習吉他)

vs.

John spent thousands on his guitar. (John花了好幾千塊錢在他的吉他上)

Every day, each year, millions of Americans buy lottery tickets hoping to be the next millionaire. Let's see what some Americans are saying about playing the lottery and their thoughts.

1. "You gotta play in order to win. That's part of lotto. You never know," says Bucala, a Lindenhurst, New York, resident who works three jobs -- as a sales associate, an Avon Rep and a bridal consultant.

要玩才能贏。樂透就是這樣。什麼都有可能。

You gotta play in order to win-要玩才能贏

"In order to" 的意思是「為了什麼,而什麼」用在句子中間通常前後都有動詞。

例句:I work in order to save money to buy a house. 我為了存錢買房子而工作。

如果前面的動詞加了 "gotta" (「必須」的意思),那這裡的 in order to變成「才能」的意思。整句就變成 :「必須」要+動詞1,才能+動詞2。

例句:You gotta try in order to find out-要試試看(動詞1),才能知道(動詞2)。

2. "Maybe something big might happen. There's not a whole lot of other things in your life where you put a small amount of money in and maybe something big will happen. It gives you a sliver of hope that you could turn your life around." says Frank Farley, a psychology professor at Temple University.

或許會有大事發生。生活中沒有很多情況能讓你投資一點小錢而得到很大的回收。他(樂透)能給那麼一點點的希望,你的人生能因此好轉。

A sliver of hope-一點點的希望

"sliver" 一小塊的意思,用在形容某樣東西的一小塊的意思。

例句:A sliver of glass, a sliver of land. 一小塊玻璃削,一小塊地。

通常用在整段"A sliver of"+名詞,注意:雖然這裡用的是"hope",但大部分時都是用在形容一點點,一小塊的「具體東西」上,如同例句(a sliver of glass, a sliver of land). "Hope"這種抽象的名詞是例外。

A sliver of disappointment (×)

A sliver of surprise (×)

3. "I take care of things first," she says. "Food, rent -- Then you can go out and spend a dollar on the lotto." says Mineola Oaks,who is retired and living in Washington Heights, New York. She has played lotto every day, spending $3-$5 a day (and more on Tuesday) for over 20 years.

我先把重要事情弄好。每天的三餐、房租,之後才能去花一塊錢買樂透。

Take care of things first-先把重要的事弄好/處理好

英文裡常會出現比較抽象的講法,尤其"things"這個字特別被常用,用來描述各樣東西跟情況。這句雖然沒有「重要」的字在裡面,不過因為有"first",所以整句自然就有「重要」的意思在內。這是因為"first"是要先做的事情,那也能理解成是重要的事,才需要先做。

Take care of things-處理事情,把事情弄好

Take care of things,of things + first-先把重要的事處理好

例句:

John:Peter, can you come to my party tonight?

Peter,今晚能參加我的派對嗎?

Peter:Sure, but I need to take care of things first      at work.

好啊,不過我要先把工作上的重要事情處理好。

Chris Guang,從美國來台灣生活與工作的30歲青年,是一個熱血、有觀點,而且stylish的華裔青年。熱中社會研究與人類學,敏銳於東方語言及英文之間微妙的跨文化差異。Chris是世界公民文化中心最受歡迎的老師,他的教學特色是:

●Learning English through discussion of cultures.

●Learning about western culture, understanding western perspective, and comparing that with the student's own culture and perspective, allows for a greater understanding.

●Using English in this setting; to discuss differences, similarities, or anything related to western culture and TW/Chinese culture, and learning English from it.

●A different, unique, and fun way of approaching English study, different from traditional cram schools. English is not just about the language, but about the people who speak it, and understanding, relating to them is vital to speaking natural, in-depth English!